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Photography - Shailendra dynasty - Borobudur Temple 002

This is another Sunrise Shot of The Buddha in Borobudur Temple and this is one of my favorites. The two most remarkable sites to visit around Yogyakarta would be Borobudur Temple the remarkable creation of the Shailendra dynasty and Prambanan Temple. Besides Bali, Borobudur Temple is the most visited tourist destination in Indonesia. If you are planning to visit Borobudur Temple you have the choice to stay at the Manohara Resort Hotel which is located on the location of Borobudur Temple or you can stay in Yogyakarta which is only about one and a half hour drive away. Since we have our own car we prefer to stay in Yogyakarta and make it as our base camp.

Just FYI, for Sunrise Photoshoot which is at about 5.30AM in Borobudur Temple there is a surcharge of US$25-$35 Entrance Fee from Manohara Resort Hotel. The official entrance gate only opens at around 8 o’clock.

The Builders: Shailendra dynasty :

The Shailendra dynasty was the name of a notable Indonesian dynasty that emerged in 8th century Java whose reign marked a cultural renaissance in the region. The Shailendras were active promoters of Mahayana Buddhism and covered the Kedu Plain of Central Java with Buddhist monuments, one of which is the colossal stupa of Borobudur, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Shailendras are considered to be a thalassocracy and ruled maritime Southeast Asia, however they also relied on agriculture pursuits through intensive rice cultivation on the Kedu Plain of Central Java. The dynasty appeared to be the ruling family of both the Medang Kingdom of Central Java for some period and Srivijaya in Sumatra.

The inscriptions created by Shailendras uses three languages; Old Malay, Old Javanese and Sanskrit, written either in the Kawi alphabet or pre-Nāgarī script. The use of Old Malay has sparked the speculation of a Sumatran origin or Srivijayan connection of this family; on the other hand, the use of Old Javanese suggests their firm political establishment on Java. The use of Sanskrit usually signifies the official nature and religious significance of the event written on the inscription.

Although the rise of the Shailendras occurred in Kedu Plain in the Javanese heartland, their origin has been the subject of discussion. Apart from Java itself; an earlier homeland in Sumatra, India or Cambodia has been suggested. The latest studies apparently favor a native origin of the dynasty. Despite their connections with Srivijaya in Sumatra and Thai-Malay Peninsula, the Shailendras were more likely of Javanese origin.

Except for its legacy of monuments, little is known of the dynasty. It apparently emanated from the agricultural lowlands of interior Java but extended its real power to the north-western coasts of the island, from which its emissaries traded with and raided the Malay peninsula and Indochina.

According to the traditional account, the Sailendra kingdom came to an abrupt end when a prince from the rival Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty, named Rakai Pikatan, displaced them in 832. Rakai Pikatan, who was the crown prince of the Sanjaya Dynasty, married Pramodhawardhani, a daughter of Samaratunga, king of Sailendra.

More photos of Borobudur Temple here.

Our group trip photos in Instagram.

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